Septuagesima has traditionally been the period of time which is observed before the start of Lent; hence it is called pre-Lent. It begins on Septuagesima Sunday, which is three Sundays before the First Sunday in Lent and ends on Ash Wednesday. This year, Septuagesima begins on February 5, 2023. In the traditional Latin calendar, the season of Septuagesima comprises the Sundays of Septuagesima, Sexagesima, and Quinquagesima.
Septuagesima is an appropriate time to tone down our bodily appetites, as well as to heighten our desire for the things of heaven. But more importantly, Septuagesima reminds the faithful to focus on charity in preparation for Lent; for without charity, our prayers, fasting and alms-giving will profit us nothing (cf. 1 Cor 13:2-3).